ARTS SURROUND US
My arts journey starts here
Across-time
Categories: Ideas Generation

Hi, guys! On the last 2 weeks, our teacher gave us a project to make an object with the theme of Across-Time. Before that, he asked us to do the research of 2 artists that we have chosen, and then present the philosophy and the artwork of those 2 artists. I choose Andy Warhol and Pablo Picasso.

Pop Art and Cubism are the art movements in 19th century, and they both have differences and similarities. The Pop Artist is Andy Warhol, while the Cubist artist is Pablo Picasso. Andy Warhol taking subject matter from everyday culture ranging from commercial domestic products , while Picasso analyzed the planes of subject matter, often from several points of view, and used these perceptions to construct a painting composed of rythmic geometric planes. However, they have similarities, that are Both of the works applied abstraction and  related to Abstract Expressionism, and Dada Movement and their techniques which are a bit similar. The other 2 artists that got influenced by Pop Art and Cubism are Roy Lichtenstein and Juan Gris.

Pop Art movement is art based on modern popular culture and the mass media, especially as a critical or ironic comment on traditional fine art values. The leading Pop artist  Andy Warhol (1928-1987). He is a painter,graphic designer, author, and filmmaker. Andy Warhol is American/

Cubism is painting, in which perspective with a single viewpoint was abandoned and use was made of simple geometric shapes, interlocking planes, and, later, collage. The Cubism Artist is Pablo Picasso (1881-1973). He is a painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwrightPablo Picasso is Spanish.

Philosophy Differences

Pablo Picasso:

  • He analyzed the planes of subject matter, often from several points of view, and used these perceptions* to construct a painting composed of rythmic geometric planes.
  • Objects are analyzed broken up and ressembled in an abstracted-form instead of depicting objects from one viewpoint.
  • Analytical cubism’s compalling fascination grows unresolved tension of the sensual and intellectual appeal of the pictorial* structure in conflict with the challenge of interprating the subject matter.
  • Applied elements of ancient Iberian and Africa tribal art to the human figure. Boldly chiseled geometric planes of African sculpture,masks,and fabrics were an exciting revelation for Picasso.
  • Focused on the flat, two-dimensional surface of the picture plane, and rejected the traditional conventions and techniques of linear perspective, chiaroscuro (use of shading to show light and shadow) and the traditional idea of imitating nature, using geometric shapes.
  • Collage (The texture of collage elements could signify objects).
  • Materials: clay, wax, wood, ceramics, bonze, sheet metal, metal wires, cardboard, paper.

Andy Warhol:

  • Taking his subject matter from everyday culture, ranging from commercial domestic products. Warhol had a vividly prescident vision of contemporary society and its obsession with the cult of celebrity.
  • Warhol’s early commercial illustration has recently been acclaimed as the arena in which he first learned to manipulate* popular tastes.
  • His drawings were often comic, decorative, and whimsical*, and their tone is entirely different from the cold and impersonal mood of his Pop art.
  • Pop art marked an important new stage in the breakdown between high and low art forms.
  • Coloured in various parts using pastel colours, Bright, quirky colours that stand out (pink, light blue, or pistachio green or bright orange.
  • The lines looked sketchy light, and floating.
  • Using woodcut, copperplate,engraving, blotting-paper technique
  • Materials: paper,ink,a hybrid material made of nylon and polyester

Similarities:

  • Both of the works applied abstraction and related to Abstract Expressionism, and Dada Movement
  • Use light and shadow
  • Challenges the distinction between high art and popular culture
  • Experimenting with colors
  • Often use the media of painting.
  • Use Lithography, etching, and Print-making technique that applied in some artworks.

One of their works:

Andy Warhol:

Marylin Monroe

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Work Analysis: The material is Silkscreen. Warhol obtained a black-and-white publicity photo of Marylin, and used the photo to create several series of images. Each Marilyn work was an experiment of dramatically shifting colors and shadow.This painting use various bright colors (Pink, Pastels, yellow) and black color as the shadow.

Pablo Picasso:

Man With Violin

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Work Analysis: This artwork use collage. In the analytical cubism phase, Picasso and Braque studied the planes of a subject from different vantage points, fractured them, and pulled them forward toward the canvas surface. The planes shimmer vibrantly in ambigous positive and negative relationship s one to another

Resources:

http://www.theartstory.org/artist-picasso-pablo.htm

http://www.theartstory.org/artist-warhol-andy.htm

Prototype 2

Moodboard

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Prototype 3

Moodboard

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My idea

The idea is to combining everyday object, from one object with another. I want to make an installation which looks like a real object when you see it from far away, but when you see it when you come closer to the object, you may realise that the material used to make the object is totally wrong. I will combining 2 different objects, such as a comb and matches. My idea is to change the brush of the comb with the matches, so that it may looks similar in the shape. For the cubism case, I want to put the everyday object which I have told you previously in a glass box. Then, I will put some glass pieces (have been in geometric form) infront of each object inside the glass box, so that the objects may look broken and abstract. 

Process

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Result

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Observation Result of My Second Prototype

After observing the result, I was thinking that what I did was wrong. If I combine 2 different objects in order to replace the actual object, it may result Surrealism style. The aim of Surrealism was to “resolve the previously contradictory conditions of dream and reality”. It characterised by the replacement of the usual object.

 

Final Result

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Cubism characterised by analyzed the planes of subject matter, often from several points of view, and used these perceptions to construct a painting composed of rythmic geometric planes. Objects are analyzed broken up and ressembled in an abstracted-form instead of depicting objects from one viewpoint. Most of Pablo Picasso’s artworks characterised by focusing on the flat, two-dimensional surface of the picture plane, using geometric shapes, and collage. He often used traditional materials, such as wood, string, wire,etc.

Campbell Soup’s Can is usually in the cylindrical form, so, I tried to design it in a rectangular prism shap. Csmpbell’s Soup Can has some bright colors in its packaging design. I can use it as the part of Pop Art case.

Glassess is usually in the circle or reactangle shape. So, I want to apply another geometric shape. I choose triangle as the new glassess shape. To apply Pop Art style, the glassess will be colored in Pop Art colors (bright orange, light blue, bright yellow, etc. )

Egg is usually in the circle shape. So, I want to apply square shape, so that cubism could be applied, and could be colored by bright yellow as the middle nd white as its edge.

Guitar has some interesting geometric shapes in it. When you break the guitar form into the geometric shapes which form the guitar, you may find circles, rectangle, and even triangle which forming a guitar form. So, the idea is to make a guitar showing the geometric shapes which forming the guitar form. I use Pop Art colors (bright orange, light blue, bright yellow, etc.) as the guitar color.

Feedbacks

  • You should make the object neatly
  • Try different kind of materials and media. Try to use wood or paper or something
  • -You need to repaint the objects, because their colors already faded

Final Installation

Moodboard

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My inspiration came from several artworks of those 2 artists.

The most inspiring artwork of Andy warhol’s is a painting titled 100 Cans (1962). It is an early example of Warhol’s repeated image of a mass produced consumer good. He began by projecting a source image on to canvas, then he traced the image repeatedly, creating a two dimensional graphic aesthetic. According to my analysis, this artwork themed everyday objects. The materials needed was oil on canvas. So, I would relate everyday object in my installation, such as soup can or drink can, so that the method of applying a mass produced consumer good can be applied.

The second painting which inspired me was a painting titled Untitled from Marilyn Monroe (1967). Warhol obtained a black-and-white publicity photo of Marylin, and used the photo to create several series of images. Each Marilyn work was an experiment of dramatically shifting colors and shadow. Warhol used silkscreens as the material. According to my analysis, Warhol used various colors in this painting, such as pink, bright yellow, and pastels, which translates Pop Culture and advertising. So, I would relate those colors to my installation, so that it could expressed the Pop Culture.

The last of Andy Warhol’s artwork which inspired me was a packaging titled Brillo Boxes (1964). Warhol’s Brillo Boxes were still using the silkscreen technique, this time on plywood, Warhol presented the viewer with exact replicas of commonly used products found in homes and supermarkets. The material used on this work was Acrylic silkscreen on wood. So, I would relate the real everyday objects to my installation, by finding unused items, but only the packaging, such as cereal packaging, milk boxes, etc. Since Andy Warhol used wood as the material, I was thinking about making the installation with wood material.

Beside Andy Warhol’s artwork, there are some of Pablo Picasso’s artworks that interest me. The most inspiring artwork of Pablo Picasso’s is an artwork titled “Maquette for Guitar (1912)”. It is an assemblage or three-dimensional collage. According to my analysis, in this artwork, Picasso has translated the Cubist interest in several perspectives and geometric form into a three-dimensional medium. The materials used was paperboard, paper, thread, string, twine, and coated wire. So, I would relate the method of cubist interest in several perspectives and geometric form into a three-dimensional medium to my installation. My idea is to apply some three-dimensional everyday objects which seem two-dimesional object in the geometric form when you see the installation from the front, but you will realize that it is actually a three-dimensonal object when you see it from the back. So that the cubist interest in several perspectives could be applied.

The second artwork which interests me was an artwork titled “Ma Jolie (1914)”. It relies on abstract meanings and concepts such as signified and signifier. The picture also implies a bowl of fruit situated on top of the woman’s head, alluding to the abstract roots of his works before the onset of the First World War. According to my analysis, this painting use lots of geometric shapes. It used collage technique using those geometric shapes, so that it looks abstract. This painting makes us need to guess what is the original picture behind it. This painting has a theme and a story behind it. So, I would relate a theme and a story behind my installation. I would choose dining table as the theme. So, I would present a table with the objects which ususally there on dining table, but I want to hide the actual theme and story. I want to encourage the viewer to guess what kind of theme and story I am trying to show in this installation.

In conclussion, my installation would be a wooden table with the everyday objects which hanged unfer the table. The wooden table will be perforated following the shape of the everyday packaging, so that it would apply some geometric shapes. After the wooden table have been perforated, the everyday objects will be placed in the wooden table holes, and from the front, only the top of the object will appears (two-dimensional) but when you see it from behind, you will realise that it is a real veryday object (three-dimensional). Pop Art colors, such as bright yellow, pastels, red, and blue would be aplied in the object. I took a theme of dining table and the foods and drinks we consumed everyday.

Process

Materials used:

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Marking the position and scale the object15 16

First perforating trial result

Front

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Back

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After re-perforate

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Final Result

Front (2D)

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Back (3D)

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Essay (click the button below)

essay, andy warhol & pablo picasso

 

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